Successful ‘artificial sun’ test in China, five times more powerful than the real sun

 

China is experimenting with an ‘artificial sun’ to achieve clean energy in the future. This is called Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). This device is a fusion reactor. In a recent test, it was held at 70 million degrees Celsius for about 20 minutes. This machine tries to harness the power of nuclear fusion. It is called an artificial sun because the configuration of the machine mimics the nuclear reactions that actually take place inside the sun. In this, gases such as hydrogen and deuterium are used as fuel. This experiment can bring scientists closer to ‘unlimited clean energy’.

Successful ‘artificial sun’ test in China

The machine’s reactor is being tested to make the heating system that supports it “warmer” and “more durable.” It is designed and manufactured by China itself. EAST has been used for nuclear fusion experiments since 2006, but only recently have researchers achieved great success.

One of the South China Morning Post Report It is said that in the experiment carried out this time, the ‘artificial sun’ was kept at a temperature of 70 million degrees Celsius for 17 minutes and 36 seconds. It is about five times hotter than the real Sun and its core temperature exceeds 15 million degrees Celsius.

This experiment took place at the Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences in Anhui, east China’s province. Gong Xianzu, in charge of the EAST experiment, said that “this experiment lays a solid scientific basis for running the reactor.” A New York Post report claims that more than 10,000 Chinese and foreign scientific researchers were part of this $ 948 million (about Rs.7060 million) project. The experiment, which began in December last year, is expected to continue until June this year.

Song Yuntao, director of the Institute of Plasma Physics, said that within five years we will begin to build our fusion reactor. It will take 10 years. He believes that with this experiment, electricity generation can be started by 2040.

 

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